Guillaume Plantin, Shadow Banking and Bank Capital regulation, The Review of Financial Studies, vol. 28, n. 1, 2015, pp. 146–175.


Banks are subject to capital requirements because their privately optimal leverage is higher than the socially optimal one. This is in turn because banks fail to internalize all the costs that their insolvency cre- ates for the agents who use their money-like liabilities to settle trans- actions. If banks can bypass capital regulation in an opaque shadow- banking sector, it may be optimal to relax capital requirements so that liquidity dries up in the shadow-banking sector. Tightening capital re- quirements may spur a surge in shadow-banking activity that leads to an overall larger risk on the money-like liabilities of the formal and shadow banking institutions

Research partnership

Fédération des Banques Françaises Research Initiative

Research theme

Shadow Banking